Causes and Treatments of Spinal Stenosis

Mark Kabins, MD, is a board certified spinal and orthopedic surgeon practicing in Las Vegas. Additionally a published researcher and respected speaker, Dr. Mark Kabins has wide-ranging expertise involving the diagnosis and treatment of spinal stenosis.

Stenosis is a medical term referring to narrowing. Spinal stenosis occurs when the channel containing the spinal cord and nerves narrows. While spinal injuries, herniated or bulging disks, and rare birth defects are among its origins, spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by degeneration related to aging. Symptoms may include pain, tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness in the arms or legs, and even loss of bladder or bowel control.

The numerous non-invasive treatments for this condition include massage, acupuncture, and physical therapies to enhance muscular strength, such as swimming. A common intermediate treatment is the introduction of anti-inflammatory steroids into the spine via epidural injections. In the most serious cases, surgical intervention may present the best option. The most commonly utilized procedures are decompression operations known as laminectomies, foraminotomies, and laminotomies, which create space around the spine, or spinal fusion procedures that immobilize problematic regions.