Spinal cord injuries are defined as severe trauma to either the spinal cord itself, or to the nerves within the spinal column. These types of injuries are considered highly dangerous primarily because of the possibility of damage to the cauda equine, which may cause loss of movement or sensation as well as autonomic functionality. This damage can be permanent or temporary, depending on the severity of the injury.
The most common causes of spinal injuries are car accidents, followed closely by falls. Sporting accidents and incidents of violence also account for a large number of spinal cord injuries.
While there is a chance for partial recovery from spinal cord injuries, it is less likely that a patient will achieve full recovery. Research is still being undertaken to improve the chances of recovery for people suffering from loss of function or sensation caused by a spinal cord injury.
About the Author:
Dr. Mark Kabins earned an MD from the University of Illinois – Chicago. Along with treating patients at Las Vegas Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Dr. Mark Kabins is on the Advisory Board for The Spine Journal, to which he has also contributed a number of articles.