An experienced neurosurgeon, Mark Kabins, MD, leads an expert team of physicians and support personnel at Las Vegas Neurosurgery Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation. Throughout his career, he has conducted comprehensive research initiatives seeking new treatments for disorders of the spine. Dr. Mark Kabins maintains affiliations with the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the American Board of Spine Surgery, and the American College of Spine Surgery.
Defined as an abnormal curvature of the spine, scoliosis represents a marked deformity of the backbone. Most cases of scoliosis present no clues about an identifiable reason for the disorder; doctors considered such manifestations of the condition, which can affect children of all ages, to be idiopathic. Girls tend to be more likely to develop scoliosis, which often becomes more severe during spurts of rapid growth.
Other forms of the disease include congenital scoliosis, which occurs when a baby’s spine or ribs form improperly. Some people with nervous system disorders, such as polio, muscular dystrophy, and cerebral palsy, develop neuromuscular scoliosis. Most people who have scoliosis experience no symptoms, but some patients feel back pain and fatigue. Such symptoms as uneven shoulders or hips indicate scoliosis and often prompt further tests. Depending on the cause of the disease and its severity, treatment ranges from back braces to surgery and sometimes requires ongoing physical therapy.
Spinal cord injuries are defined as severe trauma to either the spinal cord itself, or to the nerves within the spinal column. These types of injuries are considered highly dangerous primarily because of the possibility of damage to the cauda equine, which may cause loss of movement or sensation as well as autonomic functionality. This damage can be permanent or temporary, depending on the severity of the injury.
The most common causes of spinal injuries are car accidents, followed closely by falls. Sporting accidents and incidents of violence also account for a large number of spinal cord injuries.
While there is a chance for partial recovery from spinal cord injuries, it is less likely that a patient will achieve full recovery. Research is still being undertaken to improve the chances of recovery for people suffering from loss of function or sensation caused by a spinal cord injury.
About the Author:
Dr. Mark Kabins earned an MD from the University of Illinois – Chicago. Along with treating patients at Las Vegas Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Dr. Mark Kabins is on the Advisory Board for The Spine Journal, to which he has also contributed a number of articles.
Mark Kabins, MD, is a board certified spinal and orthopedic surgeon practicing in Las Vegas. Additionally a published researcher and respected speaker, Dr. Mark Kabins has wide-ranging expertise involving the diagnosis and treatment of spinal stenosis.
Stenosis is a medical term referring to narrowing. Spinal stenosis occurs when the channel containing the spinal cord and nerves narrows. While spinal injuries, herniated or bulging disks, and rare birth defects are among its origins, spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by degeneration related to aging. Symptoms may include pain, tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness in the arms or legs, and even loss of bladder or bowel control.
The numerous non-invasive treatments for this condition include massage, acupuncture, and physical therapies to enhance muscular strength, such as swimming. A common intermediate treatment is the introduction of anti-inflammatory steroids into the spine via epidural injections. In the most serious cases, surgical intervention may present the best option. The most commonly utilized procedures are decompression operations known as laminectomies, foraminotomies, and laminotomies, which create space around the spine, or spinal fusion procedures that immobilize problematic regions.