Dr. Mark Kabins: Treatment Corrects Many Cases of Scoliosis, Prevents Further Problems

An experienced neurosurgeon, Mark Kabins, MD, leads an expert team of physicians and support personnel at Las Vegas Neurosurgery Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation. Throughout his career, he has conducted comprehensive research initiatives seeking new treatments for disorders of the spine. Dr. Mark Kabins maintains affiliations with the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the American Board of Spine Surgery, and the American College of Spine Surgery.

Defined as an abnormal curvature of the spine, scoliosis represents a marked deformity of the backbone. Most cases of scoliosis present no clues about an identifiable reason for the disorder; doctors considered such manifestations of the condition, which can affect children of all ages, to be idiopathic. Girls tend to be more likely to develop scoliosis, which often becomes more severe during spurts of rapid growth.

Other forms of the disease include congenital scoliosis, which occurs when a baby’s spine or ribs form improperly. Some people with nervous system disorders, such as polio, muscular dystrophy, and cerebral palsy, develop neuromuscular scoliosis. Most people who have scoliosis experience no symptoms, but some patients feel back pain and fatigue. Such symptoms as uneven shoulders or hips indicate scoliosis and often prompt further tests. Depending on the cause of the disease and its severity, treatment ranges from back braces to surgery and sometimes requires ongoing physical therapy.

A Brief Discussion of Spinal Cord Injuries By Dr. Mark Kabins

Spinal cord injuries are defined as severe trauma to either the spinal cord itself, or to the nerves within the spinal column. These types of injuries are considered highly dangerous primarily because of the possibility of damage to the cauda equine, which may cause loss of movement or sensation as well as autonomic functionality. This damage can be permanent or temporary, depending on the severity of the injury.

The most common causes of spinal injuries are car accidents, followed closely by falls. Sporting accidents and incidents of violence also account for a large number of spinal cord injuries.

While there is a chance for partial recovery from spinal cord injuries, it is less likely that a patient will achieve full recovery. Research is still being undertaken to improve the chances of recovery for people suffering from loss of function or sensation caused by a spinal cord injury.

About the Author:

Dr. Mark Kabins earned an MD from the University of Illinois – Chicago. Along with treating patients at Las Vegas Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Dr. Mark Kabins is on the Advisory Board for The Spine Journal, to which he has also contributed a number of articles.

Causes and Treatments of Spinal Stenosis

Mark Kabins, MD, is a board certified spinal and orthopedic surgeon practicing in Las Vegas. Additionally a published researcher and respected speaker, Dr. Mark Kabins has wide-ranging expertise involving the diagnosis and treatment of spinal stenosis.

Stenosis is a medical term referring to narrowing. Spinal stenosis occurs when the channel containing the spinal cord and nerves narrows. While spinal injuries, herniated or bulging disks, and rare birth defects are among its origins, spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by degeneration related to aging. Symptoms may include pain, tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness in the arms or legs, and even loss of bladder or bowel control.

The numerous non-invasive treatments for this condition include massage, acupuncture, and physical therapies to enhance muscular strength, such as swimming. A common intermediate treatment is the introduction of anti-inflammatory steroids into the spine via epidural injections. In the most serious cases, surgical intervention may present the best option. The most commonly utilized procedures are decompression operations known as laminectomies, foraminotomies, and laminotomies, which create space around the spine, or spinal fusion procedures that immobilize problematic regions.

Dr. Mark Kabins on Degenerative Joint Disease (Osteoarthritis)

Degenerative joint disease, also known as osteoarthritis, is a common joint disorder that occurs as a normal result of aging. Over time, the cartilage found in joints abrades, and the bones in the joint begin to make contact, which results in pain and swelling. Cartilage cushions the joint, allowing for smooth movement. When the cartilage wears away, the body may compensate by forming extra bone structures, while the muscles around the joint ultimately stiffen and lose their strength.

 

Most people begin to experience the signs of osteoarthritis by middle age, and both men and women report similar symptoms. After the age of 55, women often show more signs of the disease than men do, although virtually everyone will have some symptoms by age 70. Some factors can predict the onset of osteoarthritis, including a family history of the disease, repeated joint injuries, participation in contact sports, and obesity. Certain medical disorders may also put a person at risk.

 

Osteoarthritis Illustration posted at mkillustrations.com

 

Individuals with osteoarthritis have several options for treatment, but the disease has no cure. Some must resort to surgery, but physicians generally recommend several other interventions first, such as anti-inflammatory medications and over-the-counter pain relievers. When surgery proves necessary, a surgeon either replaces a joint entirely or repairs it, often using arthroscopic techniques. Sometimes altering the alignment of bone structures relieves pain and increases movement.

 

Additional remedies include physical therapy, which can allow people to reclaim full joint movement and strengthen their muscles. Massage therapy offers temporary pain relief. Splints and braces may be recommended to support joints with degenerated cartilage. Doctors can suggest the best type of brace for a specific joint. Simple lifestyle changes are another way to provide significant relief. These changes can include eating a balanced diet, getting more rest, losing weight, and regularly applying heat and cold to the affected joint. Some individuals may want to consider alternative treatments, such as acupuncture.

 

About the Author

Dr. Mark Kabins maintains board certification in orthopedic and spine surgery. Managing Las Vegas Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics, and Rehabilitation, LLP, he offers patients the highest level of care. In addition to treating several different conditions, including osteoarthritis, scoliosis, and internal disc disruption, Dr. Mark Kabins works with patients who have sustained spinal cord injuries and those with infections or tumors. Dr. Kabins is a Fellow of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Understanding Your Back Pain

Dr. Mark Kabins of Las Vegas Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, is board certified in both Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery. Possessing years of experience in the field, Dr. Kabins knows how debilitating back pain can be, and he strives to help his patients understand the root causes of their pain.

Due to the stress we place on it every day, the back is especially prone to injury and other conditions. Back pain is the body’s natural response to degenerative conditions of the spine or injury. More often than not, pain can be resolved through time and nonsurgical treatment; however, some conditions necessitate a visit to your doctor. In addition, pregnancy, lack of muscle tone, and excess weight can potentially contribute to the onset of acute back pain. Other triggers include:

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– Accident, sports injury, or fall.

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– Improper lifting.

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– Sudden or strenuous physical effort.

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– Carrying a heavy purse, backpack, or briefcase.

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– Hiking your shoulder to hold the phone receiver to your ear.

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– Improper sleeping position or pillow positioning.

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– Poor sitting or standing posture.

Back pain may also be caused by:

– Developmental disorders. Abnormalities in the growth and formation of the skeleton often cause developmental disorders; examples include scoliosis and kyphosis. The treatments are often conservative, but some developmental disorders require surgery to prevent a worsening condition or long-term disability.

Inflammatory and infectious disorders. Although relatively uncommon, the delay of an accurate diagnosis may result in serious consequences.

Mechanical disorders. Mechanical pain occurs when a specific part of the spine, such as a ligament, joint, or intervertebral disc is not working correctly. Arthritis, spinal stenosis, and herniated discs fall into this category.

– Tumors. Cancers and tumors are comparatively rare, but pain is the most common symptom of a spinal tumor.

Trauma. Injury to the soft tissues, neurological structures, or bony elements can trigger instability in the vertebral column, potentially causing neurological injury.

You should seek the care of a physician like Dr. Mark Kabins immediately if you experience:

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– Chest pain or sharp pain in the left arm.

– Back pain as a result of a physical trauma that affects your spine, like a fall or car accident.

– Bladder control loss or impairment.

– Numbness in your extremities.

– Fever or severe headaches.

– Chronic back pain for over six weeks or acute back pain that does not improve after 72 hours of self-treatment.

Prevent back injury Photo by Eugene Peretz/Flickr